الحمد لله رب العالمين، وصلى الله وسلم على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وأصحابه أجمعين، أما بعد
Shaikh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan As-Sa’dee (rahimahullaah) said:
Allaah has made these two affairs (i.e. true Eemaan in Allaah and Taqwa) as factors and paths through which the good things of this world and the Hereafter can be attained, and they preserve against the evils of both of them as well as from everything dislikable.
How many fruits there are for these two affairs as well as benefits and good outcomes which cannot be counted nor enumerated.
Whosoever reflects upon the Book and the Sunnah; then he sees that The Legislator has set/entailed many affairs upon the basis of both of them – as well as an abundance of good things, and likewise upon the deprivation of them both – He has set/entailed the opposite of that.
A fine manner of asking questions, and a pleasant manner of attentiveness, and being reflective and an abundance of consideration: are the keys to the sciences – all of them.
The pursuit in the quest for sustenance – in the appropriate means of obtainment in accordance to the state of the servant along with trust and reliance upon Allaah as well as having firm conviction in Him: is the reason for attaining the sustenance – as well as its blessing.
The earnest request in supplication at every time along with the strength of hope: is the reason for attaining the quests of the life of this world as well as the Hereafter.
The recompense is homogenous (in conformity) to the action:
Whoever shows excellence to the servants of Allaah; Allaah will show excellence to him.
Whoever sees to the need of his brother; Allaah will see to his need.
Whoever relieves an adversity from the adversities of the life of this world from a Muslim; then Allaah will relieve from him an adversity from the adversities of The Day of Resurrection.
Whoever conceals (overlooks for) a Muslim then Allaah will conceal him in the life of this world and in the Hereafter.
Whoever is troublesome; then Allaah will allow troubles upon him. Whoever is detrimental (to others) then Allaah will allow detriment to afflict him.
Whoever dedicates himself upon (finding) the faults of the people; then the people will dedicate themselves upon his faults.
Whoever abstains from asking (others); Allaah will make him virtuously content, and whoever exercises sufficiency (to be free from want); Allaah will enrich him, and whoever constrains himself to endure with patience; Allaah will endow him to stoutly take patience.
Whoever strengthens his trust and reliance upon Allaah; then He (Allaah) suffices him in the affair of his religion and his worldly affairs.
Whoever places his trust and reliance upon himself or upon other than him; then Allaah commissions him to that which he placed his trust and reliance upon, and so He leaves him; and as such his quest is not accomplished for him.
Whoever intends goodness and sincere advice for the creation; Allaah facilitates ease in his affair; and recompenses him with abundant reward.
Whoever intends evil and deceit upon the creation; then his affairs will be made difficult for him; and he will be recompensed with calamitous punishment.
Humbleness and fine manners are afforded with a desire in noble mannerisms and understanding what they entail by way of revered fruits, and so understanding the soul and of its fight/battle and exercising it upon that – one acquires by way of it every beautiful mannerism. Just as in a person’s being amazed with himself and in the intoxication of leadership and folly: lie the causative factors of foul manners.
Perseverance upon the actions and having patience upon them as well as firm resolve and being void of despair: are reasons for the attainment of the proceeds of the actions and their fruits, and the opposite of that is the reason for failure.
(Taken from the treatise: Ar-Riyaadh an-Naadhirah wal Hadaa-iq az-Zaahirah, part of: Al-Majmu’ah al-Kaamilah le Mu-allafaat Ash-Shaikh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan As-Sa’dee vol 5 part 1 p.504-505)