The Virtues of Giving in Charity & A Glimpse at the Generosity of the Prophet & His Companions

الحمد لله رب العالمين، وصلى الله وسلم على نبينا محمد وعلى آله وأصحابه أجمعين، أما

 

The reward of giving in charity and it being a means of purification as well as a sign of Eemaan:

 

Allaah, The Most High said:

 

مَّن ذَا الَّذِي يُقْرِضُ اللَّهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا فَيُضَاعِفَهُ لَهُ أَضْعَافًا كَثِيرَةً

((Who is it that would loan unto Allaah a goodly loan so He may multiply it for him many times over?)) (Al-Baqarah: 245)

 

On the authority of Khuraim bin Faatik (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((Whoever spends an expense in the path of Allaah; then it will be written down for him by seven hundred fold.))[1]

 

Al-Mubaarakfuree said: “And this is the least which is promised; and yet Allaah multiplies in manifold for whoever He wishes.”[2]

Allaah, The Most High said:

خُذْ مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ صَدَقَةً تُطَهِّرُهُمْ وَتُزَكِّيهِم بِهَا

((Take Sadaqah [an obligatory charity] from their wealth by which you will purify them and cleanse them.)) (At-Tawbah: 103)

 

Shaikh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan As-Sa’dee (rahimahullaah) said: “Meaning: it will purify them from sins and lowly mannerisms, and ‘cleanse them’ meaning: expand them and give an increase in their good mannerisms and their righteous actions and will give an increase in their reward in the life of this world as well as in the Hereafter and will expand their wealth.”[3]

Its indication of it being a proof of a person’s Eemaan is found in a hadeeth in which the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((And sadaqah is a clear proof))[4]

 

Imaam An-Nawawee (rahimahullaah) said in his explanation of Saheeh Muslim that some of the people of knowledge state regarding this: “its meaning is: that it is proof of the Eemaan of the one that carries it out. For indeed the hypocrite is prevented from it due to his not believing in it, so whoever gives in charity; it can be verified by way of his sadaqah as to the truthfulness of his Eemaan, and Allaah Knows best.”[5]

 

 

Sadaqah expiates sins and saves a person from punishment:

 

On the authority of Hudhaifah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((The fitnah [trial] of a man is in his family and his wealth and his neighbour, it is expiated by way of the prayer and the fasting and the giving of charity.))[6]

 

On the authority of ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallaahu ‘anhumaa) who said that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((O assemblage of women; give in charity, and be plentiful in seeking forgiveness, for I saw that you form the majority of the people of Hell.))

 

So a woman from amongst them asked: “And why is it that we form the majority of the people of Hell, O Messenger of Allaah?”

He said:

((Because you curse much and are ungrateful to the companion [the husband]))[7]

 

Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr (rahimahullaah) said: “In it is (a proof) that giving charity wards off punishment and that it expiates the sins which take place between the creation.”[8]

On the authority of ‘Adee bin Haatim (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((Whoever among you who is able to screen [protect] himself against the Fire, even if it should be with half a date; then he should do so.))[9]

 

 

Its effect in repelling harms:

 

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said regarding the time that the people became alarmed at the eclipse:

((So if you see that, then call upon Allaah and make the takbeer and pray and give in charity.))[10]

 

Ibn Mulaqqin (rahimahullaah) said in his explanation of this hadeeth: “And in it (the hadeeth) is a proof of the recommendation of giving in charity upon seeing the eclipse, likewise it is desirable at the time of every fear/apprehension in order to repel tribulations and elements of which one should beware of.”[11]

Shaikh ul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) said: “Supplication is a factor in repelling tribulation, thus if it is stronger than it; then it repels it. Yet if the reasons for the tribulation are stronger – it does not repel it, however it reduces it and weakens it. It is due to this that he commanded at the time of the eclipse and other signs with prayer and supplication and seeking forgiveness and giving charity and freeing slaves, and Allaah Knows best.”[12]

Ibn Al-Qayyim (rahimahullaah) said: “Indeed, sadaqah has a remarkable effect in repelling an array of tribulations, even if it (sadaqah) were to come from a wicked sinner or an oppressor – rather even from a disbeliever. For indeed; Allaah, The Most High by way of it repels an array of tribulations, and this is an affair which is known by the people – their exclusive ones as well as the general ones, and the people of the earth – all of them acknowledge that – because they have indeed experienced it.”[13]

Ibn Al-Qayyim (rahimahullaah) likewise said: “and in giving charity there are advantages and benefits that cannot be enumerated except by Allaah. So from them is that it guards against bad deaths and repels affliction – such that it repels against the oppressor. Ibraheem An-Nakha’ee said: ‘They held that charity repels and so defends from the man who is unjust.’ It likewise extinguishes wrongdoings and protects the wealth and brings about sustenance and causes the heart to become delighted and necessitates confident reliance upon Allaah as well as having good thoughts of Him.”[14]

 

 

Its blessing and it being a means for an increase in sustenance:

 

Allaah, The Most High said:

 

قُلْ إِنَّ رَبِّي يَبْسُطُ الرِّزْقَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ وَيَقْدِرُ لَهُ ۚ وَمَا أَنفَقْتُم مِّن شَيْءٍ فَهُوَ يُخْلِفُهُ ۖ وَهُوَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ

((Say; indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills of His servants and limits [in measure] for him, and whatever thing you spend [in His cause] – He will replace it; and He is the Best of providers.)) (As-Saba: 39)

 

Shaikh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan As-Sa’dee (rahimahullaah) said in his tafseer of this aayah: “Whatever you spend from any expense which is obligatory or recommended; whether upon someone close or a neighbour or a destitute person or upon an orphan or other than that; then He, The Most High will follow it up (replace it). So do not be under the delusion that donating in expense is that which decreases the sustenance, rather it is a promise of having it followed up for the one who spends…”[15]

On the authority of Aboo Hurairah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((Charity never decreased anything from wealth.))[16]

 

On the authority of Aboo Hurairah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((Allaah said: Spend, O son of Aadam! and I will spend on you.))[17]

 

 

Charity will be a means of shade on the Day of Resurrection:

 

On the authority of ‘Uqbah bin ‘Aamir (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((Every person will be in the shade of his charity until judgment is carried out upon the people.))[18]

 

On the authority of ‘Uqbah bin ‘Aamir (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((Indeed the sadaqah [charity] extinguishes from its people the heat of the graves, and the believer will be shaded on the Day of Resurrection in the shade of his charity.))[19]

 

 

The generosity of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and his efforts of giving in charity:

 

The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was known to have been kind and generous before his Prophethood, it is for this reason that his wife Khadeejah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhaa) said to him when he feared for himself after his first meeting with Jibreel:

“By no means; by Allaah; He will not disgrace you! For you maintain the ties of kinship, and you are truthful in speech, and you bear the hardship, and you hospitably receive the guest, and you acquire in order to give to the one who is lacking, and you assist in order to represent the truth.”[20]

The narrations concerning the Prophet’s (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) fine mannerisms and good characteristics after his becoming a Prophet are a great many. From those accounts which cite his immense qualities and attributes of giving in charity and of his generosity, a few of such narrations are mentioned here:

On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas (radhiyallaahu ‘anhumaa) who said:

((The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was the most generous of all the people, and his generosity used to be more so in Ramadhaan when Jibreel would meet him. He used to meet him every night during Ramadhaan in order to revise the Qur’an with him. Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) used to be more generous in doing good than the fair wind sent forth.))[21]

 

On the authority of Jaabir bin ‘Abdillaah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) who said:

((The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was never asked for anything and then said: ‘No’.))[22]

 

On the authority of Anas bin Maalik (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) who said:

((A man asked the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to give him a flock that was between two mountains; and so he gave them to him. So he came to his people and said:

O people, enter into Islam, for by Allaah, Muhammad indeed gives with a bestowal – such that he does not fear poverty.’))[23]

 

Ibn Shihaab reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) went on the expedition of the conquest – the conquest of Makkah, then the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) went out along with those that were with him from the Muslims and they fought at Hunain. So Allaah granted victory to His religion and to the Muslims, and the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) on that day gave one hundred red camels to Safwaan bin Umayyah, then another one hundred, and then another one hundred. Sa’eed bin Al-Musayyib said that Safwaan said:

((By Allaah! The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) gave me that which he gave me, and he was the most detestable person to me [at that time]. Yet he did not cease continuing to give to me until he became the most beloved of people to me.))[24]

 

Anas (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) said:

((I was walking with the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), and he was wearing a Najraani cloak with a coarse border seam. So a Bedouin met him, and he took hold of his cloak and drew it with a forceful pull. I looked at the side of the shoulder [neck] of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and it had been affected (bruised) by the coarse edging of the cloak due to the severity of his pull. Then he [the Bedouin] said: “O Muhammad! Give me out of Allaah’s wealth that is with you.” So he (the Prophet) turned to him and laughed, then he ordered that he should be given something.))[25]

 

On the authority of Anas (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) who said:

((The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was the best of the people and the bravest of the people and the most generous of the people.))[26]

 

 

The generosity of the Companions and their efforts of giving in charity:

 

Aboo Bakr As-Siddeeq (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu)

On the authority of Aboo Hurairah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((No wealth has ever benefitted me in the way that the wealth of Abee Bakr benefitted me.))

 

So Aboo Bakr cried and said: “Am I and my wealth but for you O Messenger of Allaah.”[27]

‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) said: “the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) commanded us to give in charity, and that coincided with a time in which I had some wealth, so I said, ‘Today I will precede Aboo Bakr, if ever there was a day that I were to precede him.’ So I came with half of my wealth, and the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((What have you left for your family?))

 

I said: ‘The like of it.’ So Aboo Bakr came with everything he had, so the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said to him:

((O Abaa Bakr! What have you left for your family?))

 

He said: ‘I left Allaah and His Messenger for them.’ I said: ‘I will never be able to precede him to anything.’”[28]

 

‘Umar bin Al-Khattaab (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu)

‘Umar once wrote to Aboo Moosaa Al-Ash’aree stating that he should purchase a female slave for him from the captives of Jawlaa’ on the day the cities of Khosrau (i.e. the Persians) were conquered. So Sa’ad bin Abee Waqqaas said:  “So ‘Umar called for her; and though she was admirable to him, he said: Indeed, Allaah, The Mighty and Majestic says:

لَن تَنَالُوا الْبِرَّ حَتَّىٰ تُنفِقُوا مِمَّا تُحِبُّونَ

((You shall not attain Birr [righteousness] until you spend [in Allaah’s cause] of that which you love.)) (Aal-‘Imraan: 92)

 

– And so he freed and released her.”[29]

 

‘Uthmaan bin ‘Affaan (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu)

When ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) was besieged (by the rebels), he looked upon them from above and said, “I adjure you by Allaah, and I adjure no one but the Companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), do you not know that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((Whoever will [buy and] dig the well of Ruma, then for him is Paradise))

 

and I (bought and) dug it? Do you not know that he said:

((Whoever readies the army of ‘Usrah, then for him is Paradise))

 

and I readied it?” They attested to that which he said.[30]

He (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) likewise said: “Do you know that the Masjid became constricted due to the amount of its people, so the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((Who will purchase the plot [of land] of the family of such and such, and so he adds it to the Masjid – [in exchange] for better than it in Paradise?))

 

So I bought it with the core of my wealth, and today you prevent me from praying two rak’ahs in it?” They said: “O Allaah! Yes.”[31]

 

‘Ali bin Abee Taalib (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu)

‘Ali (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) used to sweep out the Baitul Maal (the treasury) and then he would pray in it, in hope that it should be witnessed for him that he did not withhold anything within it by way of wealth from the Muslims.[32]

 

‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin ‘Awf (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu)

On the authority of Aboo Hurairah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

((The best of you are those that are best to my family after me.))[33]

 

So ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin ‘Awf sold a garden for four hundred thousand and divided it between the wives of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam).[34]

 

Aboo ‘Ubaidah bin Al-Jarraah & Mu’aadh bin Jabal (radhiyallaahu ‘anhumaa)

‘Umar once took four hundred deenaars and said to a youth: “Take it to Abee ‘Ubaidah; and then remain in his house for a while and see what he does.” So he said: The youth took it from him and went and said: “Ameerul Mu’mineen tells you to take this.” So he replied: “May Allaah bring him close and have mercy upon him.” Then he said: “Come here O servant girl! Take this seven (deenaars) to so and so, and take this five to so and so…” until he had dispatched it all.

So the youth came back to ‘Umar and informed him, and found that he had prepared a similar amount for Mu’aadh bin Jabal. So he sent him to him with it, so Mu’aadh said: “May Allaah bring him close, O servant girl! Go to the house of such and such with this much, and to the house of such and such with that much.” So the wife of Mu’aadh came and said: “By Allaah, we are in a meagre state, so give us some,” And there remained in the pouch nothing but two deenaars, so he propelled them to her. So the youth came back, and informed ‘Umar, and as a result he became pleased at that and said: “Indeed they are brothers, one like unto another.”[35]

 

Sa’ad bin ‘Ubaadah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu)

Sa’ad bin ‘Ubaadah would return home each night to his family with eighty individuals from Ahlus Suffah in order to feed them.[36]

 

‘Abdullaah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallaahu ‘anhumaa)

Naafi’ said: “Ibn ‘Umar (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) would distribute thirty thousand in a sitting, and then there would come upon him a month in which he would not find a small piece of meat to eat.”[37]

Naafi’ said: “There once came to Ibn ‘Umar twenty odd thousand; and so he did not get up until he had distributed it.”[38]

‘Umar bin Muhammad bin Zaid said from his father that Ibn ‘Umar had a youth he owned under contract of (the price of) forty thousand, and he had left for Koofah where he was working on some donkeys of his until he had managed to contribute fifteen thousand. So a man came to him and said: “Are you mad? You are here punishing yourself whilst Ibn ‘Umar purchases slaves right and left and then sets them free. Go back to him and say: ‘I am incapable’” (i.e. of paying the rest).

So he (the slave) came to him with a paper and said: “O Abaa ‘Abdir-Rahmaan! I am incapable, and this is my paper (contract), so rub it (the remaining payment) out.’ So he replied: “No, but you rub it out if you want,’ So he rubbed it out, whereupon the eyes of ‘Abdullaah (ibn ‘Umar) became filled with tears, and then he said: “Go, for you are free.” So he said: “May Allaah rectify you, show excellence to my two sons,” So he replied: “They are both free.” He said: “May Allaah rectify you, show excellence to the two female slaves who are mothers to my two boys,” So he said: “They are both free.”[39]

 

Al-Hasan bin ‘Ali (radhiyallaahu ‘anhumaa)

‘Ali bin Abee Taalib once gave a sermon and said: “Indeed Al-Hasan has gathered some wealth; and he wishes to distribute it amongst you.” So the people gathered and Al-Hasan stood up and said: “I have gathered it for the poor people” so half of the people stood up.[40]

 

The mother of the believers: ‘Aa-ishah bint Abee Bakr (radhiyallaahu ‘anhumaa)

Mu’aawiyah once sent ‘Aa-ishah a necklace worth a hundred thousand, so she divided it and so distributed it between the mothers of the believers.[41]

From ‘Urwah who said that ‘Aa-ishah once gave seventy thousand away in charity; and yet she would sew patches onto the side of her garment (chemise) – radhiyallaahu ‘anhaa.[42]

 

The Companions in general

From Abee Mas’ood (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) who said:

((The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) used to command us to give in charity, so one of us would not find anything which he could give in charity, until he would go to the market place and carry loads on his back (in labour work). Then he would come with a Mudd[43] and give it to the Messenger of Allaah. Indeed I know today of a man who has a hundred thousand, yet on that day he did not have a Dirham.))[44]

 

Al-Hasan Al-Basree said: “Indeed I have seen a people (i.e. the companions), to whom the dunya was more insignificant to any of them than the soil that was under his foot. And I have seen a people, the like of whom one of them would end his day not finding anything with him (to eat) except a date, so he would say: ‘I will not place all of it into my stomach, I shall put some of it in the way of Allaah The Mighty and Majestic.’ So he would give some of it away in charity – even though he himself would be more in need than the one he gave it in charity to!”[45]

 

 

_________________________________

[1] Reported by At-Tirmidhee (no.1625) and Ahmad in his Musnad (no.19035-19036) and others. It was declared Saheeh (authentic) by Shaikh Al-Albaanee in his Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmidhee (no.1625).

[2] Tuhfatul Ahwadhee vol 5 p.254.

[3] Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan p.350.

[4] Part of a hadeeth reported by Muslim (no.533).

[5] Sharh Saheeh Muslim vol 3 p.97.

[6] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (no.1895).

[7] Part of a hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhaaree (no.304) and Muslim with similar wording (no.238) and the wording above is that of Muslim.

[8] Fathul Baaree vol 1 p.528.

[9] Reported with this wording by Muslim (no.2344) and it is reported by Al-Bukhaaree with similar wording (no.1417).

[10] Part of a hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhaaree (no.1044).

[11] Al-I’laam be-Fawaa-id ‘Umdatul Ahkaam vol 4 p.303.

[12] Majmu’ Fataawa vol 8 p.196.

[13] Al-Waabil as-Sayyib p.69.

[14] ‘Uddatus Saabireen p.490.

[15] Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan p.681.

[16] Part of a hadeeth reported by Muslim (no.6535).

[17] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (no.5352) and Muslim with similar wording (no.2305), the wording above is that of Al-Bukhaaree.

[18] Reported by Ahmad (no.17333) and Ibn Khuzaimah (no.2431) and Ibn Hibbaan (no.3310) Baihaqee in Shu’ab al-Eemaan (no.3077) and it was declared Saheeh (authentic) by the two Shaikhs: Shaikh Al-Albaanee in his Saheeh At-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb (no.872) and Shaikh Muqbil bin Haadi in his As-Saheeh Al-Musnad Mimaa Laysa fis-Saheehayn (no.928).

[19] Reported by At-Tabaraanee (vol 17 p.286 no.788) and Baihaqee in Shu’ab al-Eemaan (no.3076) and it was declared Hasan (sound) by Shaikh Al-Albaanee in his Saheeh At-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb (no.873). See the Shaikh’s full discussion of this hadeeth in Silsilatul Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah (no.3484).

[20] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (no.3) and Muslim with similar wording (no.401).

[21] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (no.6) and Muslim with similar wording (no.5964) and others.

[22] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (no.6034) and Muslim (no.5972 & 5973) and the wording above is that of Al-Bukhaaree.

[23] Reported by Muslim (no.5975).

[24] Reported by Muslim (no.5976) and At-Tirmidhee (no.666).

[25] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (no.3149) and Muslim (no.2426).

[26] Part of a hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhaaree (no.2820) and Muslim with similar wording (no.5961) and the wording above is that of Al-Bukhaaree.

[27] Reported by Ibn Maajah (no.77) and others and it was declared Saheeh (authentic) by Shaikh Al-Albaanee in his Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah (no.77) as well as in Silsilatul Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah (no.2718) with similar wording. See also Shaikh Al-Albaanee’s checking of this hadeeth with an additional wording in his Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmidhee (no.3661).

[28] Reported by At-Tirmidhee (no.3675) and it was declared Hasan (sound) by Shaikh Al-Albaanee in his Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmidhee (no.3675).

[29] Refer to Tafseer Mujaahid p.131 and Al-Jaami’ le-Ahkaam Al-Qur’aan (Tafseer Al-Qurtubee) vol 4 p.133. Jawlaa’ was a place on the way to Khurasaan and it is where the well known battle between the Muslims and the Persians took place in the year 16H. (See: Mu’jam Al-Buldaan vol 2 p.156)

[30] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (no.2778).

[31] Part of a hadeeth reported by At-Tirmidhee (no.3703) and it was declared Hasan (sound) by Shaikh Al-Albaanee in his Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmidhee (no.3703). Refer to the full text of the hadeeth as it contains more detail regarding the generosity of this noble companion as well as his efforts in giving in charity (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu).

[32] Reported by Ahmad in Az-Zuhd (no.695) and see: Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa (Siyar Al-Khulafaa Ar-Raashideen p.244).

[33] Reported by Al-Haakim (no.3308) and Aboo Ya’laa in his Musnad (no.5924) and it was declared Hasan (sound) by Shaikh Al-Albaanee in his Saheeh al-Jaami’(no.3315).

[34] Reported by Ibn Abee ‘Aasim in Kitaab us-Sunnah (no.1414), for a similar report see: Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa vol 1 p.85.

[35] Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa vol 1 p.456.

[36] Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa vol 1 p.276.

[37] Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa vol 3 p.218.

[38] Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa vol 3 p.218.

[39] Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa vol 3 p.217.

[40] Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa vol 3 p.260-261.

[41] Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa vol 2 p.187.

[42] Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa vol 2 p.187.

[43] In his explanation of this narration Shaikh ‘Abdul-Muhsin Al-‘Abbaad (hafidhahullaah) said: “He would come with a Mudd – meaning: it is a quarter of a Saa’”. The scholars from the Lajna ad-Daa’imah mention that the people of knowledge state that a Saa’ as was measured at the time of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was the measurement of four handfuls of an average sized man consisting of two hands together. (See: Fataawaa Al-Lajnah Ad-Daa’imah vol 9 p.222)

[44] Reported by An-Nasaa-ee (no.2528) and it was declared Saheeh (authentic) by Shaikh Al-Albaanee in his Saheeh Sunan An-Nasaa-ee (no.2528).

[45] Hilyatul Awliyaa vol 2 p.134.

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