An Explanation of The Supplication After The Adhaan – By Shaikh ‘Uthaimeen

 الحمد لله رب العالمين، والصلاة والسلام على أشرف الأنبياء والمرسلين، نبينا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين أما بعد

 

Shaikh Muhammad bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah) said in his explanation of the hadeeth:

 

 من قال حين يسمع النداء:اللهم رب هذه الدعوة التامة والصلاة القائمة آت محمداً الوسيلة والفضيلة وابعثه مقاماً محموداً الذي وعدته،حلت له شفاعتي يوم القيامة

((Whoever says after hearing the Adhaan (call to prayer): O Allaah, Lord of this complete call and of this prayer being established; grant Muhammad Al-Waseelah and Al-Fadheelah and raise him to Al-Maqam-al-Mahmood (The Praiseworthy Station) which You have promised him, then my intercession will be permitted for him on The Day of Resurrection.))[1]

 

His saying: ((O Allaah, Lord of this complete call)) – the complete call is the adhaan because it is a call. Likewise he described it as ‘complete’ due to its being inclusive of the Greatness of Allaah and His Tawheed as well as the testimony of Messengership and the call to good.

His saying: ((and of this prayer being established)) meaning: and The Lord of this prayer being established, and what is being indicated to is that which the person should envisage in his mind. This is because when you hear the adhaan; you envisage that there will be a prayer and: ‘being established’ is as the scholars have stated: which is going to be established – thus it is established in relation to that which will happen.

His saying: ((grant Muhammad Al-Waseelah and Al-Fadheelah)) grant meaning: give.

‘Al-Waseelah’ is something which the Prophet (‘alaihis salaatu was salaam) himself clarified that it is: ((a rank in Paradise that does not befit except for a servant from the servants of Allaah)) then he said:  ((and I hope that it is me)). For this reason we supplicate to Allaah that He actualizes for the Messenger of Allaah (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) that which he (‘alaihis salaatu was salaam) had hoped for.

Al-Fadheelah’ is an elevated virtue which no one else will partake in.

His saying: ((and raise him to Al-Maqam-al-Mahmood (The Praiseworthy Station) which You have promised him)) Raise him on the Day of Resurrection to the ‘station’ – meaning: the station of praise which You have promised for him. This Praiseworthy Station envelops all of the standpoints of the Resurrection – and the most particular of that is the great intercession which is when the people will be met with distress and anxiety on that great Day of a nature that they will not bear (its difficulties). Hence they will seek intercession from Aadam, then from Nooh, then from Ibraheem, then from Moosaa, and then ‘Eesaa (‘alaihimus salaatu was salaam). In the end they will come to our Prophet Muhammad (‘alaihis salaatu was salaam) and so ask him to intercede to Allaah – and so he will intercede for them.[2]

This is the Praiseworthy Station, because the Prophets and the Messengers will all excuse themselves from intercession, either due to his seeing a reason such as Aadam and Nooh and Ibraheem and Moosaa. Or either due to his seeing that there is someone of more precedence for that station than himself – such as ‘Eesaa.

Look at how Allaah inspires the people to come to this group, since these four are the firmly resolved ones, and Aadam is the father of the mortals, Allaah created him with His Hand and the Angels prostrated before him.

Then look at how Allaah inspires this group in that each of them will give an excuse with that which he sees as being a barrier between himself and the intercession. This is because the intercessor does not come forth with the intercession – and he sees that he has done something which may have disturbed the station of intercession. These four: Aadam and Nooh and Ibraheem and Moosaa will shy from putting themselves forth for intercession due to their seeing that they had done what may have disturbed the station of intercession – in their estimation; whilst they had already repented to Allaah, The Most High.

With regards to Ibraheem (‘alaihis salaam) then that which he did was done out of interpretation, however; due to the complete nature of his humbleness he will excuse himself from it. The fifth one will not mention anything that would have disturbed the station of the intercession. However; he will mention the one who has more precedence than himself in that, and it is Muhammad (‘alaihis salaatu was salaam) in order to allow for that which would perfectly effectuate the completeness for the Messenger of Allaah (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam).

This is the Praiseworthy Station  about which Allaah said:

{وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَتَهَجَّدْ بِهِ نَافِلَةً لَّكَ عَسَىٰ أَن يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُودًا}

((And during the night, pray with it as an additional prayer for yourself. It may be that your Lord will raise you to a Praiseworthy Station.)) (Al-Israa: 79)

 

These are the invocations/supplications. It has been established from the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) that whoever sends salaat upon him, then asks Allaah for Al-Waseelah for him, then the intercession will be permitted for him on the Day of Resurrection.[3] Therefore he will be worthy of it, this is without doubt from the blessings of Allaah, The Glorified, upon us and upon the Messenger (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). As for upon us then it is due to that which we attain from reward from this supplication. As for upon the Messenger (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) then it is because this is from that which raises his mention in that his nation will continue supplicating to Allaah for him until the Day of Resurrection.

 

(Abridged from: Sharh Al-Mumti’ vol 2 p.87-89)

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[1] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (no.614). Translators Note: As for the addition in this supplication which appears in some books of hadeeth and which there occurs the wording: ‘indeed You do not break Your promise’ then it is as stated by Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin Baaz and others an addition not found in the six books of hadeeth but reported instead by Al-Baihaqee in his ‘Sunan’ and is not considered an innovation to supplicate with due to its establishment in the narration by Al-Baihaqee. (See: Fatawaa Al-Lajnah Ad-Daa-imah vol 6 p.87-88)

[2] As can be found in the hadeeth of the Great Intercession reported by Al-Bukhaaree (no.4712) and Muslim (no.194).

[3] That being in the form of the hadeeth of ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘Aas who heard the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) say: ((When you hear the mu’adhin, then say the like of what he says, then invoke salaat upon me, for indeed whoever invokes a single salaat upon me; Allaah will make salaat upon him ten times due to it. Then ask Allaah for Al-Waseelah for me, for it is indeed a rank in Paradise that does not befit except for a servant from the servants of Allaah, and I hope that it is me. So whoever asks Allaah that I be given the Waseelah, then my intercession will be permitted for him.)) Reported by Muslim (no.384).

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